A software review is a process or meeting during which a software product is examined by a project personnel, managers, users, customers, user representatives, or other interested parties for comment or approval.
- A group of people carefully examine part or all of a software system and its associated documentation.
- Code, designs, specifications, test plans, standards, etc. can all be reviewed.
- Software or documents may be ‘signed off’ at a review which signifies that progress to the next development stage has been approved by management.
Phases in the Software Review process
Pre-review activities are concerned with review planning and review preparation.
The review meeting:
During the review meeting, an author of the document or program being reviewed should ‘walk through’ the document with the review team.
These address the problems and issues that have been raised during the review meeting.
Fig: The software review process
The main Software Review types are mentioned below:
- It is not a formal process.
- It is led by the authors.
- Author guide the participants through the document according to his or her thought process to achieve a common understanding and to gather feedback.
- Useful for the people if they are not from the software discipline, who are not used to or cannot easily understand software development process.
- Is especially useful for higher level documents like requirement specification, etc.
The goals of walkthrough:
- To present the documents both within and outside the software discipline in order to gather the information regarding the topic under documentation.
- To explain or do the knowledge transfer and evaluate the contents of the document.
- To achieve a common understanding and to gather feedback.
- To examine and discuss the validity of the proposed solutions.
- It is less formal review.
- It is led by the trained moderator but can also be led by a technical expert.
- It is often performed as a peer review without management
- Defects are found by the experts (such as architects, designers, key users) who focus on the content of the document.
- In practice, technical reviews vary from quite informal to very formal.
The goals of technical review:
- To ensure that an early stage the technical concepts are used correctly.
- To access the value of technical concepts and alternatives in the product.
- To have consistency in the use and representation of technical concepts.
- To inform participants about the technical content of the document.
- It is the most formal review type.
- It is led by the trained moderators.
- During inspection the documents are prepared and checked thoroughly by the reviewers before the meeting.
- It involves peers to examine the product.
- A separate preparation is carried out during which the product is examined and the defects are found.
- The defects found are documented in a logging list or issue log.
- A formal follow-up is carried out by the moderator applying exit criteria.
The goals of inspection:
- It helps the author to improve the quality of the document under inspection.
- It removes defects efficiently and as early as possible.
- It improves product quality.
- It creates common understanding by exchanging information.
- It learn from defects found and prevent the occurrence of similar defects.
I recommend you to check best Differences between Inspections and Walk-through.
Hope this helps 🙂
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