Alpha and Beta Testing – Explanation and Differences

Alpha and Beta Testing

Here we will study about the alpha and beta testing along with their differences:

Alpha Testing

Alpha testing is a type of acceptance testing performed to identify all possible issues/bugs before releasing the product to everyday users or public.

  • The focus of this testing is to simulate real users by using blackbox and whitebox techniques.
  • The aim is to carry out the tasks that a typical user might perform.
  • Alpha testing is carried out in a lab environment and usually the testers are internal employees of the organization.
  • To put it as simple as possible, this kind of testing is called alpha only because it is done early on, near the end of the development of the SOFTWARE, and before Beta Testing.


Beta Testing

Beta Testing of a product is performed by “real users” of the software application in a “real environment” and can be considered as a form of external User Acceptance Testing.

  • Beta version of the software is released to a limited number of end-users of the product to obtain feedback on the product quality.
  • Beta testing reduces product failure risks and provides increased quality of the product through customer validation.
  • It is the final test before shipping a product to the customers.
  • Direct feedback from customers is a major advantage of Beta Testing.
  • This testing helps to tests the product in real time environment.


Alpha Testing Vs Beta testing


Alpha Testing Beta Testing (Field Testing)
1. It is always performed by the developers at the software development site. 1. It is always performed by the customers at their own site.
2. Alpha Testing is not open to the market and public 2. Beta Testing is always open to the market and public.
3. It is conducted for the software application and project. 3. It is usually conducted for software product.
4. It is always performed in Virtual Environment. 4. It is performed in Real Time Environment.
5. Alpha Testing is definitely performed and carried out at the developing organizations location with the involvement of developers. 5. Beta Testing (field testing) is performed and carried out by users or you can say people at their own locations and site using customer data.
6. Alpha Testing is always performed at the time of Acceptance Testing when developers test the product and project to check whether it meets the user requirements or not. 6. Beta Testing is always performed at the time when software product and project are marketed.
7. It is always performed at the developer’s premises in the absence of the users. 7. It is always performed at the user’s premises in the absence of the development team.



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A Soon-to-be Computer Engineer by profession, he has profound devotion to add Data Scientist as a prefix to his name. He’s been to the nooks of the web (at least of the surface web) and planning to add some real figures in his pocket!

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